Alternative to aquarium water pump
It is quite simple to explain the necessity of the presence of a pump in an aquarium: this device is equipped with a special pump for pumping water.
Water must constantly circulate, providing the fish with optimal conditions for living inside.
Consider the main criteria for the need for a pump in the aquarium for fish:
- The water pump serves as a device for the enrichment of water in the tank with oxygen. This component is necessary for fish for a normal life.
- The bubbles coming out of the pump allow water not to stagnate in one place. If the water in the large aquarium was constantly standing, the fish could not function normally.
Food, particles of waste products – all this settles daily at the bottom of the dwelling of waterfowl. A water pump allows water to circulate constantly, which prevents it from rotting.
- The pump creates ripples on the surface of the water, allowing the air to interact with water and saturate it with oxygen.
Thanks to aeration, the water pump mixes layers of liquid, preventing it from becoming rotten.
- The presence of a water pump for large aquariums is becoming relevant. To care and wash the container with water every day does not seem real, so the piston will perform this work for the person.
- Aquarists argue that the pump should work around the clock, so fish owners are advised to choose a quiet option so as not to disturb the peace of the household at night.
Taking into account the above, it is worth noting: the pump must be installed in any aquarium – it will be useful for different volumes of housing for fish.
Not always the fish are the most unpretentious pets. Often, they also need to create comfortable living conditions.
Consider the criteria – how to choose the best aquarium inlet pump for pets:
- Variety. All pump options can be divided into vibratory and piston.
The former are also called membrane membranes because of the presence of a special membrane along which magnetic oscillations are transmitted.
Pumps of this type are affordable, but noisy, have a small resource. Piston models have high power and quiet operation, but they are expensive.
- Type of food. There are models on batteries – they are suitable when electricity is frequently disconnected, as well as models from a 220v power supply – they work from a wall outlet.
Options for batteries designed for 4-6 hours of battery life.
- Noise level. Before buying it is recommended to check the noiselessness of the pump personally: it is better to do it in a quiet room.
- Power. The more powerful the pump, the more energy it will consume. Models with a voltage of 12 volts are perfect for large tanks.
- Performance. This indicator describes how many liters of water and air can overtake the unit. The larger the aquarium, the greater should be the performance.
- The volume of the aquarium. Manufacturers of water pumps advise to pay attention to this characteristic when choosing a pump.
- The number of channels. Depending on the number of circulation channels, one pump can be installed in one or several aquariums.
In addition, the pump should be chosen according to the method of attachment: submersible or external. Submersible is installed on the depth of the aquarium, external – mounted outside, leaving the air spray on the surface of the water.
Important! When buying, you should pay attention to models with a filter – although they are more expensive, but they will provide water purification. Models without a filter are also relevant – they are suitable for small aquariums.
The air pump Barbus, suitable for tanks up to 50 liters, performed well. Also pay attention to the company Aquael, Tetratec, Schego.
In order not to be confused as to whether it is better to have a diaphragm or piston pump, it is recommended to take matters into your own hands by making a homemade air pump for the aquarium.
This option will be the most reliable and affordable.
For work, you will need a closed container, an engine with a power of 3-5 W, hot melt glue, charging with a power unit, 2 tubes of ball-point pens, a scissors and a drill with a thin drill.
We proceed to the procedure:
- In the tank, you need to make 2 holes to insert plastic tubes – they must be perpendicular to each other.
- Bottom need to make a hole for the engine core.
- You need to make blades out of plastic pieces, then the engine is inserted.
- The container is closed, the wires are connected to the power unit, the water pump is being tested.
Be sure to pump must be sealed so that the pump can be inserted into the water. Such a water pump will cost less and will perform its functions.
Quite a common question among beginners, and experienced aquarists – how to choose an air pump for an aquarium? And this is not surprising, because the variety of devices will make you think, and sometimes even lead to a dead end. We have already found out why an aerator in an artificial reservoir is needed. However, oxygenation is not the only purpose of such a device.
It is necessary to take into account such a moment as the possibility of mounting the device, because not all water bodies can be equipped with a filter, for example, in mini-aquariums or spawners. In addition, the water pump, in contrast to the filter, is a mobile device. This suggests that the pump can be installed in any convenient place, or even moved to another room if noise interferes. Separately, it should be said about the autonomous water pumps that run on batteries or batteries.
In addition, they can be used when transporting fish, because, depending on the distance of the trip, aquatic inhabitants can simply suffocate without oxygen. Despite the low cost, the device is very useful. In such pumps, you only need to change the batteries as needed or recharge the batteries in a timely manner.
a water pump in an artificial reservoir should work almost constantly to maintain an optimal microclimate. In summer periods, aeration is carried out more often and longer, since at high air temperatures, oxygen is consumed faster. However, some lovers of aquarium living creatures say that they use a water pump 2 times a day, including during the day and in the evening for 20 minutes, but much depends on the type of fish.
Thus, it will be possible to significantly reduce the noise level, and how much depends not only on the installation site, but also on the additional measures taken. For the high-quality functioning of the system, it is necessary to install an air duct that supplies air from the air pump to the aquarium. To reduce the shock wave from the electric motor, for the purpose of additional protection, you can use a packing film with air bubbles, and then place such a device in a wooden box, choosing the right size.
The air flow directed to the pumps in the reservoir must correspond to the volume of the aquarium and not be excessive. This suggests that before making a water pump for an aquarium, you need to decide on the displacement of the tank. In most cases, a small 12 V motor will be more than enough. Selecting the engine you need to know that the use of parts of high power can harm the underwater inhabitants: with constant circulation of water with high intensity disrupted processes in the life cycle of the fish, which can lead to their death.
Therefore, in the daytime it is better to turn off the water pump in order to avoid an excess of oxygen. Some lovers may be wondering how to increase the power of the aquarium water pump? In order to give an answer to it, you need to decide in order to increase this parameter. As a rule, if it is really necessary, it is better to purchase a new pump than to engage in any alterations.
How to install the pump in an artificial reservoir? After the device has been purchased or designed independently, it is necessary to carry out the correct installation. There are devices that can be installed inside the reservoir, but this applies only to compact aerators designed for small-sized aquariums.
If the choice fell on centrifugal pumps, the installation of a water pump in an artificial reservoir should be carried out directly into the water near the heater, which will ensure uniform mixing of the liquid during heating. This feature is important when keeping those fish species that are particularly sensitive to any temperature changes. Above the surface of the water are pumps with less functionality and more simple in their design.
The noise of the water pump is a natural phenomenon, but it does not suit many, and therefore the question arises how to make the air pump for aquarium silent? First of all, you need to choose the right surface on which it will be installed. Good soundproofing materials, in addition to the above, include foam and foam. Which one is better, you can choose by experience.
Regardless of the model chosen, the water pump will still be clogged and require timely maintenance. From this it follows that all fasteners during installation must be easily accessible, so that if necessary during temporary dismantling did not arise difficulties.
Now you know not only about why you need an air pump in an aquarium, but also about making such a device yourself. Be sure to pay attention to the location of the device during installation, so that when it is turned on, it emits a minimum level of noise. Based on the foregoing, the choice of aquarium aerator is greatly simplified, which will reduce possible difficulties to a minimum. Properly selected water pump will serve for a long time and efficiently, without causing problems to the owner.
What are the devices for air aeration?
Aquarium intake pumps are 2 types: piston and diaphragm. If the goal is to purchase a device that will emit a minimum level of noise, you should choose a water piston pump. When there is a need for several devices for aeration of air, you can use two at once: piston and membrane.
To save energy, you can choose a membrane vodushny pump. Its connection is possible at once to several aquariums. A serious disadvantage of this type of device is strong noise. The fact is that the principle of operation of the pump is based on vibration. If the aerator is designed for operation in water (submersible), then the noise produced by it will be less. However, such devices are not very common. One of the options for dealing with noise is to install an aquarium in a separate room where no one sleeps.
Due to poor performance, such devices are not recommended for installation in aquariums with a volume of more than 150 liters. Piston water pumps operate as a result of the movement of the piston, which generates air flow. This type of equipment is characterized by higher productivity and a long service life.
First of all, it is necessary to clarify that in relation to aquarium aerators the concept of "silent" is not entirely correct. It is more correct to call them quiet, because the device still produces some noise during operation. When choosing a water pump for a small aquarium, you should look at the model JBL ProSilent a100, which is equipped with a built-in silencer. This device is of the membrane type and includes a spray gun, a 2 m tube and a check valve.
In addition to the aerator, the manufacturer also offers connecting hoses and nozzles. water pumps for the aquarium how to choose, decide only the owner. If it was not possible for some reason to purchase the device, you can make it yourself from almost any available means.
Which surface to install?
To install the aquarium aerator yourself, you need to follow a few rules. Also, do not forget about the care of the product – in a timely manner to wash and clean from the remnants of food.
Note! It is recommended to wash the aquarium itself once a week – depending on the volume. Larger options are allowed to be washed with water pumping out once every 2-3 weeks.
Answering the question how much a pump should work, the opinions of aquarists are divided. Some claim that the unit should be turned off at night, others insist on round-the-clock work.
To reduce noise, the instrument is used far from every surface. When installed in a plastic aquarium cover, the pump enters into resonance with the pump. The same effect will be observed when installing the device on the glass, which covers the reservoir. You can get out of the situation by placing the device in something solid and dense, for example, put it on a wooden shelf near the aquarium, hide it in a closet, etc.
To combat noise, it is recommended to install a water pump on a material with noise absorbing properties. There are many of them: foamed rubber, polyethylene foam and others. With their acquisition of difficulties should arise. If you can not buy them, you can take a rubber pad for a computer mouse, which I do not use.
The steps listed above will help not only to reduce the level of vibrations, but also prevent a premature exit of the air pump. In addition, it is recommended to periodically check all aquarium equipment, carry out preventive cleaning procedures in order to avoid possible damage and burnout.
Make a silent water pump with your own hands. This will require wooden boards, screws, polyurethane foam, aluminum sheets and washers.
A lathe will be required for manufacturing, so if the listed tools and materials are not available, it is better to purchase a ready-made electric pump for pumping water.
Note! It is necessary to use the assembly and installation instructions for the water pump supplied with the kit. If it is missing, use the tips below.
The Barbus air water pump, named after the aquarium of the same name, perfectly proved itself.
Before you install the pump on the tank, check – it must be disconnected from the network. It is recommended to turn on the device into the socket only after full fixation.