For any aquarium, a water pump is absolutely necessary. In addition to enriching the water with oxygen for the full breathing of aquarium fish and plant growth, air bubbles from the water pump cause mixing of the water layers, equalizing the temperature throughout the volume and eliminating stagnant phenomena at the bottom.
Aquarium inlet pump is a device that is used to supply air to a decorative water system. Water itself constantly changes the concentration of oxygen and loses the air dissolved in it. To ensure the respiration of fish, other animals living in an aquarium, plant nutrition, healthy microflora, aquarium inlet pumps are used, which, depending on the tasks, are of several types.
Piston aquarium inlet pumps – carry out the air supply through the piston, designed to supply air to large aquariums, respectively, they are noisier and their price significantly exceeds the price of the membrane.
Diaphragm air pump for aquarium – feeds air into the aquarium through the tube. The air in it is forced by cutting the rubber membrane. This type of water pump is most suitable for home aquarium – it is compact and quiet in operation, depending on the size of the aquarium and the needs it can be equipped with power adjustment and have a different number of channels.
Some models of aquarium vodushnyh pumps are equipped with a spray, hose, check valve, others require additional equipment.
The aquarium inlet pump is used not only for its intended purpose, but also to create bubble walls, launch decorative sprayers, and implement various effects on the design of an aquarium.
A water pump has such basic characteristics as noise level and performance. The ideal aquarium inlet pump should have the greatest performance with the lowest noise level, as well as low energy consumption.
Tips when choosing an aquarium water pump.
Aquarium inlet pump should have a capacity of at least 1: 1 to the volume of the reservoir per hour, this is enough for a sparsely populated aquarium. Be sure to use a non-return valve to prevent water from getting inside the water pump; this can lead to breakage and draining of water from the aquarium, for example, in the event of a power outage.
Aquarium intake pump is not an isolated device, its contact with water is not directly allowed, it can lead to breakage or even short circuit.
To create a variety of design effects or for a large aquarium volume, water pumps with several outlets and an air flow regulator are used.
The aquarium is not recommended to be installed in the bedroom, as the water pump creates a specific noise that can cause discomfort at night.
First of all, it should be noted the products of the German company Schego, which produces water pumps for home aquariums and columns of almost any capacity. So, for a small 70-liter aquarium, a small-sized Schego Prima aerator with a capacity of 100 liters per hour and a power of 3 watts is suitable. But for large tanks, you can purchase the Schego W53M silent water pump with a capacity of 350 liters per hour and a power of 5 watts. It provides air to a depth of 5 meters.
Chinese Triton – one of the most common models of silent micro-air pumps. It has two aeration channels with a power of 2.9 W, which ensures reliable circulation of air and water in an aquarium with a capacity of up to 170 liters.
Very convenient small-sized silent aerators company produces Collar. The aPUMP water pump of this manufacturer is considered one of the most silent in the world. With a power of only 1.5 W, it provides reliable aeration of the aquatic environment in a 100-liter aquarium at a depth of 80 centimeters.
Some of the existing types of water pumps do not have an air supply regulator, but this disadvantage can be resolved quite quickly. To do this, today sold numerous faucets and clamps, through which you can independently regulate the flow of air into the "fish kingdom".
Indisputable advantage has an autonomous water pump, powered by batteries. The gurus of the aquarium world remember air supply devices made with rubber pears, which served to force air into the water when transporting fish. Now all this has practically sunk into oblivion.
Taking a battery-powered water pump, in a frost when fish is transported not in O2 packages, but in thermoses, air is occasionally forced by such water pumps, or when large batches of fish are transported in the heat, also in tanks the water is enriched with air using self-contained water pumps. And how many fish lives were saved, when the light was suddenly turned off, and the aquarium was left without filtering, in this case the only thing that can save the aquarium is not an expensive, but at the same time, very useful device.
It is important not to forget that the aquarium inlet pump must be kept on all the time. No need to turn it off at night. Sometimes aquarists do this because of the noise that this device creates, which makes it difficult to sleep at night in a room with an aquarium. But it is at night that oxygen consumption in the aquarium increases, and hence the need for this device increases. As for the noise of the water pump, initially you need to focus on less noisy models and take this into account when buying. Today, with a huge assortment, choosing an aquarium water pump is no longer a problem.
Sometimes aquarists, buying a too noisy water pump and trying to reduce this noise, wrap it up. But these aquarium devices must be well cooled. And such “clothes” for the water pump only hinder cooling. The air inlet at the water pump should also be free. If you need to reduce the noise emitted by the pump, it is better to install it on rubber feet.